Drum and bass(DnB) is a music style and part of electronic music that came out, in early 1990s, from jungle and rave scenes in Britain. The genre is usually identified by fast break-beats of around 160-180 bpm(beats per minute) with heavy sub-bass and bass lines, synthesizers and sampled sources. Some of the common instruments used include drum machine, keyboard, sequencer, basic guitars, electronic guitars, a digital audio workstation and a personal computer.
The great popularity that drum and bass had was just the same as a few other dance styles that were homegrown in the UK. These included the hard house and big beat. DnB consists of quite a number of styles and scenes. The original Jamaican reggae and dub sound was the biggest influence on drum and bass and jungle. Another characteristic of the music style is the complex disturbance of the common flow of rhythm caused by the break beat of the drum tracks.
Drum and bass has several sub-genres such as ragga jungle, darkstep, neurofunk, breakcore, hardstep, techstep, liquid funk, ambient DnB, deep, jump up, funkstep, drumfunk, dnbnoise, drill n bass, funkstep and sambass. With its background in UK, the music genre has spread all over the globe. Drum and bass has also impacted other music styles such as big beat, hip hop, trip hop, house, dubstep, techno, ambient music, pop, rock and jazz.
Drum and bass is controlled by a somewhat small number of record labels. The most influential international music labels had paid little attention to the scene of drum and base, until RAM Records was acquired by BMG Rights Management in February 2016. Drum and bass is still very influential in the UK but has grown in to different scenes all through the globe. Some of these countries are; Germany, the United States, Belgium, the Netherlands, Canada, Greece, New Zealand, the Czech Republic, Austria, Australia and Slovakia.